NOTICE 2020-23 COVID-19 AUTOMATIC EXTENSION OF TIME TO PAY SECTION 6166 INSTALLMENTS
AND AMOUNTS DUE UNDER SECTION 6161 OR 6163 ELECTIONS
IRS Notice 2020-23, amplifying Notices 2020-20 and 2020-18, provided an automatic extension of time until July 15, 2020 to make a payment that was otherwise due on or after April 1, 2020 and before July 15, 2020 under a section 6166, 6161, or 6163 election. An estate does not have to take any affirmative action for this automatic extension to apply.
|BASIC FACTS FOR EXAMPLES THAT APPLY NOTICE 2020-23 TO SECTION 6166 AND RELATED SECTION 6161 SITUATIONS|
|Aug-25-2011||Date of death|
|May-25-2012||Section 6075(a) estate tax return due date. The return was filed with a regular 14-year section 6166 election and payment of the estate tax not deferred (extended) under the section 6166 election. The estate made a maximum deferral election to obtain the result set out in Reg. 20.6166-1(i), example 1(i), should a deficiency result from an IRS examination of the return.|
|May-25-2013||First section 6166(f)(1) anniversary date when interest only was due. May-25 continued to be the interest-only anniversary due date in 2014, 2015, and 2016.|
|May-25-2017||Fifth anniversary date and section 6166(a)(3) first installment due date.|
|May-25-2018||Sixth anniversary date and second installment due date.|
|May-25-2019||Seventh anniversary date and third installment due date.|
|May-25-2020||Eighth anniversary date and fourth installment due date.|
|Jul-15-2020||Notice 2020-23 automatically extended due date for the installment payment otherwise due May-25-2020.|
The estate tax return did not report -
Further, the IRS made no audit (examination) adjustments to the return as filed, and all anniversary date payments were made timely and in the proper amounts.
Notice 2020-23, Example 1: A straightforward simplified illustration of the Notice 2020-23 automatic extension of a section 6166 installment payment due date.
Notice 2020-23, Computation Example 1.1 - Simplified Computation:
|The Section 6166(b)(6) Adjusted Gross Estate and Section 6166(a)(2) Ratio|
|8,175,000||Schedules J, K, and L deductions when the return was filed - IRC sections 2053 and 2054|
|86,325,000||Section 6166(b)(6) adjusted gross estate|
|71,250,000||Section 6166 closely held business value|
|0.825369||Section 6166(a)(2) ratio - maximum amount of tax which may be paid in installments carried to 6 decimal places per IRS Instructions.|
|Computation of Estate Tax and the Tax Extended Under the Section 6166 Election|
|8,175,000||Schedules J, K, and L deductions - IRC sections 2053 and 2054|
|2,000,000||Section 2055 charitable deduction|
|84,325,000||Section 2051 taxable estate|
|27,763,750||Section 2001(b) estate tax|
|0.825369||Section 6166(a)(2) ratio - maximum amount of tax which may be paid in installments (carried to 6 decimal places per IRS Instructions)|
|22,915,338.57||Tax extended under the section 6166(a) election|
|NOTE: In section 6166 installment cases IRS will calculate tax and interest in dollars and cents even though the estate tax return reports all tax figures in whole dollar amounts.|
|4,848,411.43||Tax not extended and paid on the estate tax return due date|
|Section 6601(j) Allocation of Extended Tax Between the 2% Portion and 45% of Section 6621 Interest Rates Portion|
|476,000.00||Section 6601(j)(1)(A) portion of tax extended at 2% interest rate for a date of death in 2011|
|22,439,338.57||Section 6601(j)(1)(B) balance of tax extended at 45% of section 6621 interest rates|
|Item||Deferred Tax Balance||Divisor||Equal Annual Installment Payable Over 10 Years|
|2% portion of deferred tax||476,000.00||10||47,600.00|
|45% of §6621 interest rate portion of deferred tax||22,439,338.57||10||2,243,933.86|
|Total installment due each year for 10 years beginning May-25-2017||2,291,533.86|
|Tax Due||Interest Due||Total Amount Due May-25-2020|
|Tax Due||Interest Due||Total Amount Due Jul-15-2020|
Notice 2020-23 Computation Example 1, Comment 1: Notice 2020-23 provides that no interest will be charged on the installment extended to Jul-15-2020 from its regular installment due date falling on or after Apr-01-2020 and before Jul-15-2020. The example above shows that the interest due May-25-2020 remains the interest due on Jul-15-2020. This result occurs because the installment due May-25-2020 is a "Specified Payment" as defined in the Notice, and such Specified Payments do not draw interest if paid on Jul-15-2020.
Meanwhile, interest begins accruing on the unpaid balance of tax from May-26-2020 through the next installment due date of May-25-2021. The installment due May-25-2021 is not a "Specified Payment" described in the Notice because that payment due date is outside the Apr-01-2020 to Jul-14-2020 Specified Payment date range described in Notice 2020-23.
Notice 2020-23, Computation Example 1.2 - Detailed Computation:
|Item||Deferred Tax Balance||Interest Factor||
|2% portion of deferred tax||333,200.00||2.0234383%||6,742.10|
|45% of §6621 interest rate portion of deferred tax||15,707,536.99||2.3246243%||365,141.22|
|Total interest due||371,883.32|
|Item||Deferred Tax Balance||Annual Installment||
|2% portion of deferred tax||333,200.00||47,600.00||47,600.00|
|45% of §6621 interest rate balance of deferred tax||15,707,536.99||2,243,933.85||2,243,933.85|
|Total tax due||2,291,533.85|
|Item||Deferred Tax Balance||Annual Installment||
|2% portion of deferred tax||285,600.00||47,600.00||47,600.00|
|45% of §6621 interest rate balance of deferred tax||13,463,603.14||2,243,933.86||2,243,933.86|
|Total tax due||2,291,533.86|
|Date||Item||Deferred Tax Balance||Annual Installment Due||Balance of Deferred Tax|
|May-25-2012||2% portion of deferred tax||476,000.00||- 0 -||476,000.00|
|45% of §6621 interest rate balance of deferred tax||22,439,338.57||- 0 -||22,439,338.57|
|May-25-2017||2% portion of deferred tax||476,000.00||47,600.00||428,400.00|
|45% of §6621 interest rate balance of deferred tax||22,439,338.57||2,243,933.86||20,195,404.71|
|May-25-2018||2% portion of deferred tax||428,400.00||47,600.00||380,800.00|
|45% of §6621 interest rate balance of deferred tax||20,195,404.71||2,243,933.86||17,951,470.85|
|May-25-2019||2% portion of deferred tax||380,800.00||47,600.00||333,200.00|
|45% of §6621 interest rate balance of deferred tax||17,951,470.85||2,243,933.85||15,707,537.00|
|May-25-2020||2% portion of deferred tax||333,200.00||47,600.00||285,600.00|
|45% of §6621 interest rate balance of deferred tax||15,707,537.00||2,243,933.86||13,463,603.14|
|May-25-2021||2% portion of deferred tax||285,600.00||47,600.00||238,000.00|
|45% of §6621 interest rate balance of deferred tax||13,463,603.14||2,243,933.86||11,219,669.28|
|and so on through May-25-2026|
Notice 2020-23 Computation Example 1, Comment 2: If an annual installment is not paid when due, the computation base on which 2% and 45% of regular rate interest is computed is nevertheless reduced by the installment amounts the time for payment of which have passed. The interest calculated for the next year's installment will be based on the reduced deferred tax balances.
Meanwhile, the unpaid installment amount will begin drawing interest from its payment due date forward at regular section 6621 underpayment interest rates. It will no longer draw interest computed under section 6601(j). Consequently, the section 6621 interest will be a new deduction on Schedule J of the estate tax return; section 2053(c)(1)(D), which prohibits a deduction for interest computed under section 6601(j), will not be applicable to the section 6621 interest. See Rev. Rul. 89-32, 1989-1 C.B. 307.
If the estate had requested a section 6161 extension of time to pay the installment on Form 4768, the acceletration procedures of section 6166(g)(3) would not come into play. The section 6161 extension for the installment would run concurrently with the section 6166 extension. See Computation Example 3.
If the estate did not file Form 4768 to request a section 6161 extension of time to pay the installment, then the acceleration procedures under section 6166(g)(3) would commence. See Computation Example 2.